- Indira Gandhi National Open University (founded 1985, 4 million students)
- Open University of China (in Chinese 国家开放大学 literally "China Central Radio and TV University", 1979, 3.5 million students),
- Allama Iqbal Open University (1974, 1 Million Students),
|Open University Enrollments|
|Indira Gandhi National Open University||4.00|
|Open University of China||3.50|
|Allama Iqbal Open University||1.00|
|Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University||0.45|
|Bangladesh Open University||0.40|
|University of South Africa||0.35|
|Al-Quds Open University||0.06|
|Open University of Israel||0.04|
Bainbridge and Ally (2015) then list a number of distance, e-learning and virtual university. Interestingly, the authors do not list the Open University UK (founded 1969, 168,000 students) as an open university, although it is one of the oldest and best know of the institutions with "open" in its name.
Australia has no open universities, that is institutions which have no entry requirements. There is Open Universities Australia (established 1993, 60,000 students), but this is a consortium of conventional universities, offering distance education.